Data
INDIAN CONTEXT   

Out of every 100 babies born in this country annually, 6 to 7 have a birth defect. In Indian context, this would translate to 1.7 million birth defects annually and would account for 9.6 per cent of all newborn deaths.With a large birth cohort of almost 26 million per year, India would account for the largest share of birth defects in the world. This would translate to an estimated 1.7 million babies born with birth effects annually. 

Birth defects account for 9.6% of all new-born deaths and 4% of under five mortality. Development delays affect at least 10% children 

Source1. Child health Screening NRHM.2013
 
 
Note.This information complied from the website mentioned above  
Importance of screening in India,    

There is paucity of published studies in the normal newborn population screening from India. A pilot newborn screening project was carried out on 125 thousand newborns(5). Homocysteneimia, hyperglycinemia, MSUD, PKU, hypothyroidism and G6PD deficiency were found to be the common errors. Another pilot program Expanded Newborn Screening was started in 2000 at Hyderabad to screen amino acid disorders, CH, congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), G6PD deficiency, biotinidase deficiency, galactosemia and cystic fibrosis. Testing a total of eighteen thousand three hundred babies, the results revealed a high prevalence of CH (1 in 1700). The next common disorder was congenital adrenal hyperplasia followed by G6PD deficiency. Aminoacidopathies as a group constituted the next most common disorder. Interestingly, a very high prevalence of inborn errors of metabolism to the extent of 1 in every thousand newborns was observed. The authors stressed the importance of screening in India, necessitating nation-wide large-scale screening(6). 

Source.http://www.indianpediatrics.net/mar2010/219.pdf 

Note.This information complied from the website mentioned above  

 

The expression of genetic disease in India

Nearly 5-15 per cent of newborns are sick due to metabolic diseases.

Indian Scenario

1 in every 1,000 newborns was observed .....

Greatest Burden

Frequency of Genetic Disorders

Staggering

Neonatal thyroid dysfunction-lessons from Indian experience

Burdened by rare diseases

Prevalence of Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Neonates

Newborn Screening for Congenital Hypothyroidism in India: Letís Just Do It!

Current and future perspective of newborn screening: an Indian scenario

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