Neonatal thyroid dysfunction-lessons from Indian experience   

Worldwide the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism approximates to 1:3500-1:4000 live births. The exact incidence of congenital hypothyroidism in India is not known. A screening of 36,000 newborns in Chennai as part of a study conducted by Indian council for medical research has revealed that 1.6 in every thousand births had congenital hypothyroidism that results in stunted growth and low intelligence quotient. Newborn screening conducted in 18,300 neonates in Andhra Pradesh reported a prevalence of 1 in 1,700 live births. In another study from North India, revealed a prevalence of 1 in 3,400.


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Burdened by rare diseases   

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) there are over 5,000 diseases classified as rarecaused due to genetic anomalies. Doctors say that out of these 5,000 rare diseases, more than 500 are metabolic, out of which 50 are currently accepted as screenable disorders across the world. In India, as many as 25,000 babies born with rare metabolic disorders every year. The numbers might not be high, but when it comes to the economic, social and psychological burden on the families of such children and the nation, these diseases need the immediate attention of the government because they tend to stay with the patient lifelong


Note.This information complied from the website mentioned above  

The expression of genetic disease in India

Nearly 5-15 per cent of newborns are sick due to metabolic diseases.

Indian Scenario

1 in every 1,000 newborns was observed .....

Greatest Burden


Importance of screening in India,

Frequency of Genetic Disorders


Prevalence of Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Neonates

Newborn Screening for Congenital Hypothyroidism in India: Let’s Just Do It!

Current and future perspective of newborn screening: an Indian scenario

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